Assessment of the long-term performance of SCC incorporating different mineral admixtures in a magnesium sulphate environment

Abstract : The effects of mineral admixture type on the behaviour of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) in magnesium sulphate environments were investigated over the course of four years of exposure. Three mineral admixtures (limestone filler, fly ash and natural pozzolan) representing a wide range of compositions were used in the study. Twelve formulations covering three strength classes (30, 50 and 70 MPa) and four concrete mixtures were studied. Mass loss with physical deterioration, and dimensional and compressive strength changes due to magnesium sulphate attack were determined through microstructural analysis. The sulphate profiles of sulphur, magnesium, silicon, calcium and aluminium elements were also quantified through analyses of the samples. A complementary analysis by phase assemblages was performed on the degraded layers of concrete specimens. These test results indicate that the mineral admixture type greatly affects the durability performance of SCC under magnesium sulphate exposure. Among the tested mineral admixtures, natural pozzolan showed better long-term durability performance in the magnesium sulphate environment. The interaction between vibrated concrete and SCC is related to the nature of the mineral admixtures.
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Hocine Siad, Mohamed Lachemi, Siham Kamali Bernard, Mustafa Sahmaran, Anwar Hossain. Assessment of the long-term performance of SCC incorporating different mineral admixtures in a magnesium sulphate environment. Construction and Building Materials, Elsevier, 2015, 80, pp.141-154. ⟨10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.01.067⟩. ⟨hal-01138079⟩

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